Demat is a commonly used abbreviation of Dematerialisation, which is a process whereby securities like shares, debentures are converted from the "material" (paper documents) into electronic data and stored in the computers of an electronic Depository. You surrender material securities registered in your name to a Depository Participant (DP). These are then sent to the respective companies who cancel them after dematerialisation and credit your Depository Account with the DP. The securities on dematerialisation appear as balances in the Depository Account. These balances are transferable like physical shares. If at a later date you wish to have these "Demat" securities converted back into paper certificates, the Deposito...
Technical analysis is the study of historic price movements of securities and trading volumes.
Technical analysts believe that prices of the securities are determined largely by forces of demand and supply. Share prices move in patterns which are easily identifiable. Crucial insights into these patterns can be obtained by keeping track of price charts, leading to predictions that a stock price may move up or down. The belief is that by knowing the past, future prices can predicted.
Earning Per Share (EPS): EPS represents the portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. Net income (reported or estimated) for a period of time is divided by the total number of shares outstanding during that period. It is one of the measures of the profitability of common shareholder's investments. It is given by profit after tax (PAT) divided by number of common shares outstanding.
Price Earning Multiple (P/E): Price earning multiple is ratio between market value per share and earning per share.
Book Value (BV): (of a common share) The company's Net worth (which is paid-up capital + reserves & surplus) divided by number of shares outstanding.
A ratio is a comparison of two figures. They are culled from the financial statements of a company. These help in assessing the financial health of a company. It could be a ratio between an item from a balance sheet versus another item on the balance sheet. Or it could be a ratio between one figure of the balance sheet with a figure from Profit and Loss account or it could be comparison of one year's figure with a figure from the previous year.For example Return on Equity = Net profit (A Profit and a Loss figure) divided by Net Worth (a balance sheet figure) in percentage terms.
What are the various kinds of financial ratios?
There are many financial ratios. Some of the better known include: L...
The analysis of factual information like financial figures, balance sheet, and other information publicly available is known as fundamental analysis. This information is used to derive a fair price of the share of the company. The faithful fundamentalists believe that the market incorporates all facts relating to the financial performance of the company. But a systematic analysis will ensure a more accurate valuation of the price. Fundamental analysts use tools such as ratio analysis (P/E, MV/BV) and discounted cash flow analysis in order to arrive at the fair value of a company and hence its share.