The analysis of factual information like financial figures, balance sheet, and other information publicly available is known as fundamental analysis. This information is used to derive a fair price of the share of the company. The faithful fundamentalists believe that the market incorporates all facts relating to the financial performance of the company. But a systematic analysis will ensure a more accurate valuation of the price. Fundamental analysts use tools such as ratio analysis (P/E, MV/BV) and discounted cash flow analysis in order to arrive at the fair value of a company and hence its share.